What Is A Cold Chisel? – A Steel Cutting Guide
Sometimes when we’re cutting steels, superman comes to your mind. If we have his strength, tearing and cutting steels can be done without any sweat. Steels are so hard to cut if you don’t have a tool like a cold chisel. But what is a cold chisel anyway? Find out by reading till the end.
When Did People Start Using Chisel?
Chisel has been used by early man. If you will check on the records, the early people made their own chisels from solid rocks, wood, or cannon bones of the animals. In fact, archeologists have recovered stone chisels in Germany that were used from 4100 to 2700 BC. This means, during the Neolithic period, these tools are significantly important. Primarily, these tools are important to mankind because they help in cutting, carving, and scrapping excess materials on the surface. Due to the ongoing development, chisels come in many forms. There are now different chisels that can be seen and bought on hardware with a specific purpose. One of these is the cold chisel. But what is a cold chisel? Keep reading to know the answer.
What is a Cold Chisel?
It Is Made from Nickle Chromium Steel
You might be wondering how it can cut steel, right? As we all know steel is ready hard. Bending could be easy but we must put a lot of force. So for you to cut a steel, you need something stronger, firmer, and sharp. That is why a cold chisel is made from a nickel chromium steel! Globally, nickel is used to make steel because it is weldable, strong, and doesn’t rust.
It Is Produced by Forging
You already know that it is made from nickel chromium steel. But did you know that it requires tempering or forging to create one of these? This just a quarter of fact about what is a cold chisel. Forging is an important process to make the cold chisel tough and strong. It is forged with extreme heat for a long time. Then they shape it with a molder and left to cool in still air. So if you bought a chisel and broke easily after being hammered, it’s either because it of the shortcut in forging or cooling.
It Is an Important Tool
If you know how to use a cold chisel, you know that it is an important tool. If you are trying to remove an excess metal without a chisel, good luck to you because no tool can level the efficiency of cold chisel when it comes to metal. We know how hard metals are even if they are just excess as well as carving or shaping. That is why cold chisels are important. It helps us get a smooth finish on the surface that we are working on.
The Name “Cold Chisel” was Coined by the Black Smith
What is a cold chisel? Blacksmiths were the first to use this term. So technically they are the ones who invented the name. Its name could be linked to its capability of cutting metals when they are cold, unlike hot chisels. That’s right. If there are cold chisels, of course, there is hot. The blacksmiths use the hot chisel in cutting soften metals through forging, while cold chisels are used for steels or metals with normal temperatures.
There are Different Types of Cold Chisel
Now that you know what is a cold chisel, it’s time for you to know that there are different types of cold chisels. They also come in different sizes to help you get the finish that you need. So in case you need one, refer to the different types of cold chisel below:
a. Diamond Point Chisel
These type of chisels are good to use if you want to clean the corners or difficult parts of your project.
b. CrossCut Chisel
These type of chisels has a blade narrows that is why they are ideal for cutting slots and grooves. They are perfect for thick metal plates.
c. Round Nose Chisel
These types of chisels are good to use if you need to cut in semi-circular ways like bearings or metal pipes.
d. Flat Chisel
These types of chisels are perfect for scrapping, removing excess metals, and putting details. If you want to have a smooth surface, this is the type of chisel that you need.
Cutting or shaping is hard if you don’t have a tool especially if it’s made of steel. We aren’t superheroes with superpowers to split them into two or more. But like they say, if you need to cut steel, you need to use something stronger than that just like a cold chisel. Cold chisels are widely used for manual cutting and shaping. Like iron, they are forged, shaped, and left to cool before you can use it. Without this tool, construction will slowdown that is why it is very important. Now that you know what is a cold chisel, you will not be confused about its function.
October 6, 2020
By: Ryan Jenkins
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