How To Make A Wooden Hand Plane With Easy Steps
Of all the materials you use to shape a wood, a hand plane is a tool that is important for craftsmanship. A wooden hand plane can keep you preoccupied in the afternoon, especially when you do nothing and just wants to hone your woodworking skills. It's a tool that is designed to cut and create flat surfaces to make it ready for finishing. That’s why it’s an advantage if you know how to make a wooden hand plane on your own.
Learning how to make a wood plane by hand will not only enhance your building skills, but it prevents you from splurging your money. In this article, you’ll get to know quick and easy steps on how to make a wood plane by hand. Pay attention to how it’s done as it is your key to achieving the best and effective wood planer.
What Are The Materials Needed
The materials used and tools are readily available in your toolbox or garage. Moreover, you can even reuse old wood scraps that are still aesthetically pleasing to the eyes. Hold on for a minute, before we start learning how to make a wooden hand planer, do not forget to prepare all the materials.
- A small or medium-sized block of wood.
- Pencil for marking.
- Hacksaw or Rotary tool that has a cutoff wheel.
- Belt sander or grinder for sanding purposes
- Small hammer
- Band Saw Blade
Steps on How to Make a Wooden Hand Plane
I’m pretty sure that you are eager to know the steps on how to make a wooden hand plane. Remember that we are only making a basic wooden hand plant. This is to cater to beginners and who are new to woodcrafts. Below are the steps on how to make a wooden hand plane.
Step 1: Forming the Wood Planes
In doing so, use a small or medium piece of hardwood. Remember that the harder the wood, the sturdier it will be. In this portion, I used an old oak wood from a recycled table. By forming a plane's body, I used a chisel to trim down the block of wood bits by bits until it has the rough dimensions of the plane’s body.
I flattened it up to level the body and make both sides square with each other. In doing so, I used the plane stop and placed the plane’s body on top of a flat piece of wood that was initially lower than the plane stop. This is for support. In this task, I used a black plane to smoothen the area and flatten the surface evenly.
Step 2: Draw the Markings and Chopping of Pieces
To cut the plane's throat according to its desired dimension, I clamped it before marking the lines that are to be carved. Take note that this should be done carefully and slowly. With the pencil's use, I marked the front back and sides of the wood before chiseling. When doing this, I chiseled around 45 degrees with a 5mm mini chisel to add depth.
Step 3: Making the Mouth of the Wooden Hand Plane
By drawing a marking on the plane's sole, this is to match the meeting point of the two 45 degrees angles of the mouth portion. To create the mouth of the plane, use the chopping technique when using the chisel. Make it sure to just slightly chop it. Then turn it over and take paring cuts to refine the mouth part fully.
Step 4: Forming the Plane Iron
In this portion, I recycled some of the remaining parts of my band saw blade. My saw blade was made with tool steel making it a very good choice for making the Iron. I marked out the sides of the plane iron to match the size of the plane’s throat.
When cutting, I used a hacksaw blade and trimmed everything out until my desired dimensions were reached. After I got the desired dimension, I created the bevel using a bench grinder. When grinding your bevel, check it regularly if it fits on the throat of the plane. From then on, I sharpened the bevel’s edge with the use of a cheap diamond sharpening plates.
Step 5: Fitting and Making the Wedge Pin
For the plane iron to be securely placed, a wedge is needed. In doing so, the wedge we’re making should jam against a pin to securely hold it in place. It's located on the side of the plane line, along with the mouth opening and about halfway down through the body. The location of the wedge pin through these areas should also be marked.
With the use of a drill bit, you can drill a hole just under the size of a normal masonry nail. Once done, fit the wedge pin, and when size isn’t appropriate, mark it again before cutting it back to have the right size. For me, I fixed the wedge pin until the desired length is reached and placed it in with the help of super glue.
Step 6: Creation the Wedge
Once the wedge pin is done, the next is making the wedge. The wedge that holds the plane iron should be made with the hardest of wood. This procedure needs to be advanced, beginning with creating an over-sized Wedge and slowly sanding it until it perfectly fits the Iron and the Wedge Pin while locking the Iron in place.
Step 7: Set the Plane Up and Test It
Fit your iron plane and fit it with the wedge. Adjust the depth of the wedge until you witness that it is shaving the wood correctly. Tap the back part or top of the Iron to adjust if you want for a deeper cut. Tap it back again to retract the Iron.
Always remember to secure the wedge once you are happy with the cutting /shaving it makes. Always tap it whenever you aren’t happy with the shave, just remember to tap it back again to retract the Iron.
Step 8: Finishing
For a more appropriate and professional look, I used a boiled Linseed oil. And that’s how to make a wooden hand plane! Perfect gift for woodworkers!
Enjoy, and have fun!
Knowing how to make a wooden hand plane is pretty easy and quick. Plus, you can do it in the comfort of your own home. What’s good about making a wooden hand plan is that you can reuse old wood scraps that are just lying along with your garage or backyard. Lastly, be sure always to wear protective gear such as gloves and goggles when doing woodworks. Sawdust is quite annoying if it gets in our eyes. Enjoy your homemade wooden hand plane.
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